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Sexually Transmitted Diseases Essay

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A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is an infection that you can get from having sex with another person who has an infection. There are several types of sexually transmitted diseases that affect men and women every year. In Chapter 9 of our textbook, the topic of sexually transmitted diseases was discussed. This is a rising issue amongst young adults in this generation. “One in four new sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) infections occur in teenagers” ( ) Some of the sexually transmitted diseases can be curable.

However, some of the diseases can be life threatening. Sexually transmitted diseases can be spread orally or during intercourse when body fluids are exchanged. Many people do not even recognize that they have an STD because people can pass STDs to sexual partners even if they themselves do not have any symptoms. There are two different kind of sexually transmitted disease in which they are viral, or bacterial. Some common viral infections include Hepatitis, Aids, and HPV.

Unlike viruses, chlamydia and gonorrhea are very common bacterial infections that are spread through sexual activity. Hepatitis B is an inflammation of the liver. This viral infection is most commonly spread by having intimate sexual activity. This is a very serious disease that is “responsible for 1 to 2 million deaths yearly” (Stoppler 2012). Some symptoms that occur with this infection is jaundice of the ski, a fever, and abdominal pain. If this infection is let go, it can create edema which is swelling of the legs.

AIDS is another viral infection that is the sixth leading cause of death amongst the middle aged population. This is the final stage of the HIV disease that severely damages the immune system. This disease begins as an HIV infection. If this infection is left untreated, it gradually turns into AIDS. This disease damages the immune system making it easier to get other infections. Common side effects is chills, fever, and weakness. There are currently no cures for this disease at this time, however there are some treatments that help with symptoms.

HPV is another viral infection that Chlamydia is caused by a bacterial infection. It is one sexually transmitted disease that sometimes does not show symptoms. If the infection is left untreated, there can be some severe complications in the future. Chlamydia is very destructive to the fallopian tubes, and can cause a severe pelvic infection. This can cause chronic pain the pelvis, as well as complications with pregnancy. Chlamydia can be treated by antibiotics. Gonorrhea is another bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact.

This infection also does not show symptoms at the beginning. If it is not treated, it can cause vaginal discharge, burning with urination, redness and swelling. It is estimated that over one million women are currently infected with gonorrhea. This disease can be curable by getting an injection or by taking oral medicine. The most important thing to remember about sexually transmitted diseases is that they are all preventable. There are methods of protecting yourself against coming in contact with an sexually transmitted disease.

By practicing abstinence, it can help protect against an STD by not becoming sexually active. Another method is to use a latex condom for intercourse and oral to prevent the transmission of certain infections.

References

Stoppler, Melissa Conrad, (2012). Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women. Retrieved 22 October 2012 from http://www. medicinenet. com/sexually_transmitted_diseases_stds_in_women/page10. htm#hepatitis_b Encyclopedia. , A. D. A. M. Medical (2012). AIDS. Retrieved 22 October 2012 from