The article entitled, Clinical Psychology and Aging, by Margaret Gatz, has two major parts. The first part focuses on an illustration of the clinical problems with the goal of applying any available information on these problems and the second part focuses on the field of clinical psychology and aging. The author takes a dynamic approach to discussing the problem for the reason that there is not a lot of literature that specifically tackles these issues. The academic interest in the aging population has, to say the least, never been that high, as such the issue on the practical applications of such a discussion becomes questionable.
One of the greatest challenges, which the author outlines, is the fact that clinical treatment for adults is more difficult given the diversity in the population (Gatz p3). This is makes it all the more important to be able to collect and assess the factors in order to be able to utilize the proper approach (Gatz p4). Model of a person, Model of change, self-efficacy, therapeutic relationship, meaning and learning are all relevant aspects that must be considered.
In showing how all of these models become relevant to the topic, the author provides three different cases, depression, dementia and a character. The author posits that depression in adults is caused by different factors such as organic brain disorders and special stresses of later life (Gatz p8). Dementia, on the other hand, has been shown to cause other psychological problems such as depression. As shown in the discourse, the impairment of cognitive functions correlates to certain depressive impairments more than cerebral impairment (Gatz 10). A Character disorder has been shown to be treatable, in certain cases, by a cognitive-behavioral approach that provides a more flexible treatment plan.
In sum, the first part of the discussion outlines the different problems that adults deal with. It has also shown that these problems can be properly analyzed through a careful compilation of genetic and environmental factors thus providing avenues for cure and also prevention of certain mental disorders. It must be pointed out, however, that while the author presents a very convincing theory, there is not enough consideration of the more contemporary factors that could provide for the formulation of not only a standardized treatment program but also one that can work for different generations.
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